Browse a full set of economic indicators

Hong Kong SAR

Includes historical data for Hong Kong SAR’s Gross Domestic Product growth, debt-to-GDP ratio and more, as well as information on trade, banking and financial sector leadership.

Asia’s Investment And Trade Hub

Hong Kong, a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People’s Republic of China, is a thriving free-market economy. Serving as a global hub for trade, finance and tourism, its strengths lie in top-tier infrastructure, a robust banking system and a welcoming stance towards foreign investment ensured through effective contract enforcement and rights protection.

However, vulnerabilities persist, with concerns revolving around the independence of Hong Kong’s legal system and its freedoms, its limited natural resources and the need for food and raw material imports, and the fixed exchange rate of the Hong Kong Dollar with the US Dollar, which makes Hong Kong susceptible to global economic shifts.

Macroeconomy & Sovereign Data

Type of Government Presidential limited democracy; a special administrative region of the People’s Republic of China
Capital Hong Kong
Sovereign Ratings S&P: AA+
Moody’s: Aa3
Fitch: AA–
Total Population 7.6 million
Median Age 45.9
Adult Per Capita Income (PPP) 74,018.14
Total GDP (2023) USD 410.4 billion

Hong Kong SAR GDP & Economic Overview

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Banking & Finance

Trade & Investment

Total Exports USD 663.1 billion (2022)
Leading Exports Integrated Circuits
Broadcasting Equipment
Office Machinery
Total Imports USD 81.7 billion (2022)
Leading Imports Gold
Integrated Circuits
Gas Turbines
Broadcasting Equipment
Source: World Integrated Trade Solution

Hong Kong SAR Leading Companies

China Resources Land Industrials, Developers
CK Hutchison Holdings Conglomerates, Industrials, Telecommunications, Energy
The Link Real Estate Investment Trust (The Link REIT) Real Estate Investment Trusts
Henderson Land Development Company Limited Real Estate Investment Trusts & Developers
AIA Group Limited Financials, Insurance
Sun Hung Kai Properties Financials, Developers
Lenovo Group Technology Hardware & Equipment

Major Trade Partners — Import

China 44.3%
Other Asia 10.0%
Singapore 7.6%
South Korea 5.9%
Japan 5.2%

Major Trade Partners — Export

China 59.9%
United States 5.6%
Other Asia 2.8%
India 2.6%
Japan 2.3%

Data Sources:

IMF World Economic Outlook

UN World Population Prospects

World Inequality Report

S&P Global Ratings


Fitch Ratings

IMF Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)

UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

CIA The World Factbook

World Bank’s World Integrated Trade Solution

Forbes Global 2000