Browse a full set of economic indicators


Includes historical data for Pakistan’s Gross Domestic Product growth, debt-to-GDP ratio and more, as well as information on trade, banking and financial sector leadership.

Agriculture And Textile Exports Key To Growth

Strategically positioned between China and India and serving as a gateway to the Indian Ocean, Pakistan boasts a large domestic market buoyed by remittance inflows, a cost-effective English-speaking labor force, and significant natural resources. While agricultural goods, textiles and apparel remain the primary sources of export revenue, economic diversification efforts toward minerals, consumer goods, digital and financial services, and tourism hold promise.

Yet, while the country is open to foreign direct investment (FDI), international investors are faced with opaque regulations, an underdeveloped financial sector, and inadequate infrastructure. Other weaknesses include the prevalence of a large informal sector and a low literacy rate, reliance on imports, geopolitical tensions and security concerns.

Macroeconomy & Sovereign Data

Type of Government Federal parliamentary republic
Capital Islamabad
Sovereign Ratings S&P: CCC+
Moody’s: Caa3
Fitch: CCC
Total Population 236.2 million
Median Age 20.6
Adult Per Capita Income (PPP) 12,285.09
Total GDP (2023) USD 340.6 billion

Pakistan GDP & Economic Overview

Most Recent Content

Banking & Finance

Trade & Investment

Total Exports USD 73.3 billion (2022)
Leading Exports Refined Petroleum
Crude Petroleum
Natural Gas
Palm Oil
Scrap Iron                                                                      
Total Imports USD 34.1 billion (2022)
Leading Imports Textiles
Clothing And Apparel
Leather Goods
Surgical Instruments                                                                      
Source: World Integrated Trade Solution

Pakistan Leading Companies

National Bank of Pakistan Financials
United Bank Financials
Habib Bank Financials
MCB Bank Financials
Pakistan State Oil (PSO) Energy, Integrated Oil & Gas
Engro Corporation Industrials, Chemicals
Pakistan Mobile Communications Telecommunication Services

Major Trade Partners — Import

China 28.3%
United Arab Emirates 10.1%
Indonesia 5.8%
United States 5.3%
Saudi Arabia 5.2%

Major Trade Partners — Export

United States 21.1%
China 10.5%
United Kingdom 7.3%
Germany 5.4%
Netherlands 4.9%

Data Sources:

IMF World Economic Outlook

UN World Population Prospects

World Inequality Report

S&P Global Ratings


Fitch Ratings

IMF Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)

UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

CIA The World Factbook

World Bank’s World Integrated Trade Solution

Forbes Global 2000