Browse economic indicators and data sets


Data sets offering a full view of Canada’s economy, international trade and finance sector. With links to rankings of the country’s best and safest banks. Updated October 2023

Canada: From Fossil Strength To A Green Economy

As one of the largest and most developed economies in the world, Canada is also considered a model for sustainable development and social inclusion. Canada not only boasts a highly skilled workforce and abundant energy, mineral and agricultural resources, but it benefits from a strong financial and banking sector, a favorable foreign investment environment and the immediate proximity to the US market.

A top exporter of crude petroleum and natural gas, Canada has at the same time placed itself at the forefront of the fight against the climate crisis through substantial investments in clean electricity and tech manufacturing, carbon capture, and hydrogen production. Economic challenges include a high household debt, over-reliance on trade with the United States, and low workforce productivity. 

GDP & Economic Information

Macroeconomy & Sovereign Data

Total Area 9.9 million sq km
Type of Government Federal parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy
Capital Ottawa
Total Population 39.6 million

Median Age 40.6
Total GDP USD 2 trillion (2023 est)
Adult Per Capita Income (PPP) USD 60,146


Central Bank Bank of Canada
Currency Canadian dollar (CAD)
International Reserves USD 113 billion
Sovereign Ratings Moody’s Aaa
Fitch AA+
Main Stock Exchanges Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX)
Canadian Securities Exchange (CSE)

Click here to read our picks for best bank in Canada and all of the Americas

Trade Data

Total exports USD 562 billion
Leading Exports Crude petroleum, Cars and vehicle parts, Natural gas, Gold, Lumber
Major Trade Partners – Export United States, China, United Kingdom, Japan, Mexico
Total Imports USD 624 billion
Leading Imports Cars and vehicle parts, Delivery trucks, Crude petroleum
Refined petroleum
Major Trade Partners – Imports United States, China, Mexico, Germany, Japan

Canada's Leading Companies

Finance RBC Royal Bank, TD Bank Group, Sun Life Financial
Energy Enbridge Gas
Telecom Rogers Communications
Retail Shopify

Global Finance Rankings & Awards: Canada

Global Finance Magazine awards recognize excellence in finance throughout the year, naming the world's best in a range of categories including Trade Finance, Investment Banking, Treasury & Cash Management, Innovation, Sustainable Finance and more.

Data Sources:

IMF World Economic Outlook

UN World Population Prospects

World Inequality Report

S&P Global Ratings


Fitch Ratings

IMF Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)

UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

CIA The World Factbook

World Bank’s World Integrated Trade Solution

Forbes Global 2000