Browse a full set of economic indicators


Includes historical data for France’s Gross Domestic Product growth, debt-to-GDP ratio and more, as well as information on trade, banking and financial sector leadership.

A World-Leading Economy

As one of the world’s seven largest economies and Europe’s third-largest after Germany and the UK, France benefits from significant agricultural resources, a strong manufacturing industry and a dynamic services sector. Multinationals specializing in air and space technology, energy, biopharmaceuticals, luxury goods and food processing bolster its global competitiveness. A tourism powerhouse, with over 80 million visitors a year, France is also the most visited country in the world. Further, with its top-tier infrastructure, stable business environment and supportive regulatory framework, France is a premier destination for international investors.

Despite these strengths, France faces challenges, including rigid labor regulations hindering employment growth, and an oversized government presence in some sectors, limiting market dynamism. Inefficiencies in public spending and a high tax burden, compounded by mounting public and private debt, pose additional concerns.

Macroeconomy & Sovereign Data

Type of Government Semi-presidential republic
Capital Paris
Sovereign Ratings S&P: AA
Moody’s: Aa2
Fitch: AA
Total Population 66.1 million
Median Age 42.3
Adult Per Capita Income (PPP) 59,478.96
Total GDP (2023) 3.1 trillion

France GDP & Economic Overview

Most Recent Content

Banking & Finance

Trade & Investment

Total Exports USD 809.0 billion (2023)
Leading Exports Aircraft
Packaged Medicines
Cars And Vehicle Parts
Beauty Products
Gas Turbines
Total Imports USD 672.2 billion (2022)
Leading Imports Cars
Crude Petroleum
Refined Petroleum
Packaged Medicines
Aircraft Machinery
Source: World Integrated Trade Solution

France Leading Companies

BNP Paribas  Financials
Credit Agricole  Financials
Société Générale  Financials
EDF  Electric Utilities
Renault  Automobiles & Components
Sanofi  Pharmaceuticals
LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton  Consumer Discretionary, Luxury Goods

Major Trade Partners — Import

Germany 17%
Belgium 11%
Netherlands 9%
Italy 8%
Spain 8%

Source: World Integrated Trade Solution

Major Trade Partners — Export

Germany 14%
Italy 8%
Belgium 8%
Spain 7%
United States 7%

Source: World Integrated Trade Solution

Data Sources:

IMF World Economic Outlook

UN World Population Prospects

World Inequality Report

S&P Global Ratings


Fitch Ratings

IMF Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)

UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

CIA The World Factbook

World Bank’s World Integrated Trade Solution

Forbes Global 2000