Browse a full set of economic indicators


Includes Germany real Gross Domestic Product growth rate, with latest forecasts and historical data, GDP per capita, GDP composition and breakdown by sector.

Browse additional economic indicators and data sets, selected by Global Finance editors, to learn more about Germany economic outlook, debt to GDP ratio, international trade performance and population trends. Rankings of Germany best banks and safest banks are also available.

Europe’s Economic Powerhouse

Europe’s largest economy boasts a sophisticated financial sector, a highly skilled workforce, a stable regulatory environment, a reliable infrastructure, and cutting-edge research and development resources. Politically and economically influential, Germany also ranks among the top countries in the world for inbound and outbound foreign direct investment and exports. The automotive, mechanical, chemical and electrical industries are pillars of its economy. Weaknesses include a disproportionate dependence on trade with China and on international energy imports.

Germany GDP & Economic Overview

Key Facts

Total Area 357,022 sq km
Type of Government Federal parliamentary republic
Capital City Berlin
Total Population 82.98 million
Median Age 47.4
Total GDP USD 4,308,850 millions
Adult Per Capita Income (PPP) USD 64,345.01

Trade & Finance

International Trade

Total Exports USD 1,624,396 million
Major Exports Cars and vehicle parts
Packaged medicines
Medical cultures and vaccines
Industrial machinery
Medical instruments
Major Trade Partners – Export United States
Total Imports USD 1,646,553 million
Major Imports Cars and vehicle parts
Medical cultures/vaccines
Packaged medicines
Crude petroleum
Natural gas
Major Trade Partners – Imports China
United States

Inbound and Outbound Investment

Data Shows Germany’s Debt Load To Be Among
Europe’s Lightest

The chart at left compares Germany’s debt-to-GDP ratio to the regional average. It illustrates how the country has been successful at keeping its debt burden in line with its national productive capacity.

Germany's Leading Companies

Automotive Volkswagen Group
Financial services Allianz
Telecom Deutsche Telekom
Automotive Mercedes-Benz Group
Industrial Siemens
Pharmaceutical Bayer

Global Finance Rankings & Awards: Germany

Global Finance Magazine holds several conferences and awards ceremonies throughout the year to recognize the winning financial institutions and companies in a host of categories including World’s Best Trade Finance Banks, World's Biggest Banks, World's Safest Banks, World's Best Developed & Emerging Markets Banks, World's Best Internet Banks, and World’s Best Investment Banks.

Data Sources:

IMF World Economic Outlook

UN World Population Prospects

World Inequality Report

S&P Global Ratings


Fitch Ratings

IMF Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)

UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

CIA The World Factbook

World Bank’s World Integrated Trade Solution

Forbes Global 2000