Browse a full set of economic indicators


Includes historical data for Greece’s Gross Domestic Product growth, debt-to-GDP ratio and more, as well as information on trade, banking and financial sector leadership.

An Economy In Recovery

Greece has achieved a remarkable turnaround from the depths of both the financial crisis and the pandemic. Reforms have attracted investment by cutting red tape, fostering innovation, digitizing services and promoting renewable energy growth. These efforts have spurred a rebound in the economy, supported by labor market reforms and banking sector stabilization. Greece is world leader in maritime shipping, with a thriving tourism, agriculture and manufacturing sector.

However, challenges persist. Greece grapples with very high public debt, bureaucratic barriers and infrastructure deficiencies. The economy still remains too reliant on tourism, while an oversized public sector and a rigid labor market impede productivity and job creation. The country’s energy dependence on hydrocarbon imports and geopolitical tensions with Turkey pose additional risks.

Macroeconomy & Sovereign Data

Type of Government Parliamentary republic
Capital Athens
Sovereign Ratings S&P: BBB–
Moody’s: Ba1
Fitch: BBB–
Total Population 10.4 million
Median Age 45.8
Adult Per Capita Income (PPP) 40,175.77
Total GDP (2023) 250.3 billion

Greece GDP & Economic Overview

Most Recent Content

Banking & Finance

Trade & Investment

Total Exports USD 98.2 billion (2023)
Leading Exports Refined Petroleum
Packaged Medicines
Aluminum Plating
Copper Piping
Total Imports USD 53.7 billion (2022)
Leading Imports Crude Petroleum
Refined Petroleum
Packaged Medicines
Source: World Integrated Trade Solution

Greece Leading Companies

Piraeus Bank  Financials
Eurobank  Financials
Opap Consumer Discretionary, Gambling
Mytilineos  Energy, Materials
Olympia Group Transportation Infrastructure Services
Motor Oil Hellas  Integrated Oil & Gas
Aegean Airlines Airlines

Major Trade Partners — Import

Germany 11%
Italy 8%
China 8%
Russia 7%
Iraq 6%

Source: World Integrated Trade Solution

Major Trade Partners — Export

Italy 10%
Germany 7%
Cyprus 6%
Turkey 5%
Bulgaria 5%

Source: World Integrated Trade Solution

Data Sources:

IMF World Economic Outlook

UN World Population Prospects

World Inequality Report

S&P Global Ratings


Fitch Ratings

IMF Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)

UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

CIA The World Factbook

World Bank’s World Integrated Trade Solution

Forbes Global 2000