Browse a full set of economic indicators


Includes historical data for Indonesia’s Gross Domestic Product growth, debt-to-GDP ratio and more, as well as information on trade, banking and financial sector leadership.

In Partnership With

Rising Economic Power

Indonesia, the largest economy in Southeast Asia, boasts a population of about 280 million, a growing middle class, and a stable economy. Strengths also include low labor costs, abundant natural resources, and a growing tourism industry. With ambitious plans focusing on expanding renewable energy access, developing downstream industries, and improving infrastructure, Indonesia is a global powerhouse and an attractive destination for investors.

However, despite recent reforms aimed at improving regulatory efficiency and competitiveness, concerns persist regarding lack of transparency, trade protectionism, and institutional shortcomings hampering dynamic economic development. Other weaknesses include relatively high levels of poverty, vulnerability to shifts in Chinese demand, and vulnerability to natural disasters.

Indonesia GDP & Economic Overview

Macroeconomy & Sovereign Data

Type of Government Presidential representative democratic republic
Capital Jakarta
Sovereign Ratings S&P: BBB
Moody’s: Baa2
Fitch: BBB
Total Population 280 million
Median Age 29.9
Adult Per Capita Income (PPP) 18,734.96
Total GDP (2023) USD 1.5 trillion

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Banking & Finance

Trade & Investment

Total Exports USD 241.6 billion (2022)
Leading Exports Refined Petroleum
Crude Petroleum
Vehicle Parts
Natural Gas                                                                      
Total Imports USD 346.1 billion (2022)
Leading Imports Coal
Palm Oil
Natural Gas
Iron Alloys
Stainless Steel                                                                      

Source: World Integrated Trade Solution

Indonesia Leading Companies

Bank Central Asia Financials
Bank Rakyat Indonesia Financials
Bank Mandiri Financials
Telekomunikasi Indonesia Telecommunication Services
Astra International Conglomerates, Automobiles & Components, Financials
Indofood Sukses Makmur Consumer Staples
Pertamina Energy, Exploration & Production

Major Trade Partners — Import

China 28.7%
Singapore 7.9%
Japan 7.5%
United States 5.8%
Malaysia 4.8%

Major Trade Partners — Export

China 23.2%
United States 11.2%
Japan 7.7%
India 5.7%
Malaysia 5.2%

In Partnership With

UOB is a leading bank in Asia. Operating through its head office in Singapore and banking subsidiaries in China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam, UOB has a global network of around 500 offices in 19 countries and territories in Asia Pacific, Europe and North America. Since its incorporation in 1935, UOB has grown organically and through a series of strategic acquisitions. Today, UOB is rated among the world’s top banks: Aa1 by Moody’s Investors Service and AA- by both S&P Global Ratings and Fitch Ratings.

For nearly nine decades, UOB has adopted a customer-centric approach to create long-term value by staying relevant through its enterprising spirit and doing right by its customers. UOB is focused on building the future of ASEAN – for the people and businesses within, and connecting with, ASEAN.

The Bank connects businesses to opportunities in the region with its unparalleled regional footprint and leverages data and insights to innovate and create personalised banking experiences and solutions catering to each customer’s unique needs and evolving preferences. UOB is also committed to help businesses forge a sustainable future, by fostering social inclusiveness, creating positive environmental impact and pursuing economic progress. UOB believes in being a responsible financial services provider and is steadfast in its support of art, social development of children and education, doing right by its communities and stakeholders.

Data Sources:

IMF World Economic Outlook

UN World Population Prospects

World Inequality Report

S&P Global Ratings


Fitch Ratings

IMF Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)

UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

CIA The World Factbook

World Bank’s World Integrated Trade Solution

Forbes Global 2000