Browse a full set of economic indicators


Includes historical data for Kosovo’s Gross Domestic Product growth, debt-to-GDP ratio and more, as well as information on trade, banking and financial sector leadership.

Economic Strengths Offset By Corruption And Political Instability

Kosovo’s journey toward a modern, market-driven economy faces daunting challenges. While the United States and most EU members have formally recognized Kosovo’s independence from Serbia in 2008, many other countries and international institutions, including the United Nations, have not. Still, with over 50% of its population under 25, its proximity to European markets, low labor costs and significant natural resources, Europe’s youngest country has managed to attract the interest of several international firms.

Still, foreign direct investment (FDI) remains limited, and the scarcely diversified economy relies heavily on diaspora remittances and international support. Additional weaknesses include political instability and interference in the economy and judiciary, corruption and tenuous rule of law, an unreliable energy supply, inadequate infrastructure, and a sizable informal economy.

Macroeconomy & Sovereign Data

Type of Government Parliamentary republic
Capital Pristina (Prishtine, Prishtina)
Sovereign Ratings S&P: Not rated
Moody’s: Not rated
Fitch: Not rated
Total Population 1.8 million
Median Age 32.0
Adult Per Capita Income (PPP) 17,580.78
Total GDP (2023) 11.3 billion

Kosovo GDP & Economic Overview

Most Recent Content

Banking & Finance

Trade & Investment

Total Exports USD 4.0 billion (2023)
Leading Exports Mattress Materials
Iron Alloys
Metal Piping
Scrap Iron
Building Plastics
Mineral Water
Total Imports USD 861.9 million (2022)
Leading Imports Refined Petroleum
Iron Rods
Packaged Medicines
Source: World Integrated Trade Solution

Kosovo Leading Companies

Banka Ekonomike Financials
Vala Telecommunication Services
Ipko Telecommunication Services
Trepča Mines Metals & Mining
Posta dhe Telekomi i Kosovës Transportation & Logistics
Birra Peja Consumer Staples, Brewers
Kosovo Energy Corporation Electric Utilities

Data Sources:

IMF World Economic Outlook

UN World Population Prospects

World Inequality Report

S&P Global Ratings


Fitch Ratings

IMF Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)

UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

CIA The World Factbook

World Bank’s World Integrated Trade Solution

Forbes Global 2000