Browse a full set of economic indicators

The Democratic Republic of the Congo

Includes The Democratic Republic of the Congo real Gross Domestic Product growth rate, with latest forecasts and historical data, GDP per capita, and GDP composition by sector.

Browse additional economic indicators and data sets, selected by Global Finance editors, to learn more about The Democratic Republic of the Congo economic outlook, debt to GDP ratio, international trade performance and population trends.

Basic Information

Government Type: Semi-presidential republic

Capital City: Kinshasa

GDP & Economic Information

Macroeconomy & Sovereign Data

Central Bank Central Bank of Congo

Currency Congolese francs (CDF)

International Reserves USD 0.7 billion (2018)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved October 2019
Gross Domestic Product – GDP USD 42.6 billion (2018, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity) Intl$ 72.9 billion (2018, estimate)

GDP Data

Real GDP growth 2007 6.3%
2008 6.2%
2009 2.9%
2010 7.1%
2011 6.9%
2012 7.1%
2013 8.5%
2014 9.5%
2015 6.9%
2016 2.4%
2017 3.4%
2018* 3.9%

*Estimate
GDP per capita – current prices USD 448.7 (2018, estimate)

GDP per capita – PPP Intl$ 767.4 (2018, estimate)

GDP (PPP) – share of world total 1980 0.14%
1990 0.11%
2000 0.04%
2010 0.04%
2018* 0.06%

*Estimate
GDP – composition by sector agriculture: 19.1%
industry: 44.1%
services: 32.7%
(2018 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP) N/A
Inflation 2015 0.7%
2016 3.2%
2017 35.8%
2018* 29.3%
2019* 5.5%

*Estimate

Inflation & Debt

Inflation 2015 0.7%
2016 3.2%
2017 35.8%
2018* 29.3%
2019* 5.5%

*Estimate
Government Bond Ratings Standard & Poor’s: CCC+

Moody’s: Caa1

Standard & Poor’s / Moody’s
Unemployment rate N/A
Household saving rates N/A
Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP) 2015 17%
2016 21.7%
2017 19.1%
2018* 15.3%
2019* 13.5%

*Estimate
Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP) 2015 -0.4%
2016 -0.5%
2017 1.4%
2018* 0.4%
2019* -0.1%

*Estimate
Market value of publicly traded shares N/A
Largest Companies N/A

Import/Export

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services) 29.5% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export 0.03% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export 0.01% (2014)

Total exports USD 9.3 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities Diamonds, copper, gold, cobalt, wood products, crude oil, coffee

Total imports USD 10.2 billion (2016 estimate)

Import commodities Foodstuffs, mining and other machinery, transport equipment, fuels

Exports – major partners China 43.5%, Zambia 25%, South Korea 4.9%, Belgium 4.8% (2015)

Imports – major partners China 20.6%, South Africa 17.7%, Zambia 12.3%, Belgium 6.9%, Zimbabwe 5.1%, India 4.7% (2015)

Competitiveness & Trade

Current account balance USD 2.2 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP 5.2% (2017 estimate)

FDI inflows 2013 USD 2,098 million
2014 USD 1,843 million
2015 USD 1,674 million
FDI Outflows 2013 USD 401 million
2014 USD 344 million
2015 USD 508 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser 2012 USD 18.8 million
2013 N/A
2014 N/A
2015 N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014 N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015 N/A
Best countries for doing business Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 184 out of 190 countries (2016)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 96 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 171 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 156 out of 190 countries

Getting credit: 139 out of 190 countries

Protecting investors: 162 out of 190 countries

Trading across border: 188 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 177 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 114 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 175 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 169 out of 190 countries
Global competitiveness ranking
129 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)
Index of Economic Freedom Ranking: 163 / Score: 46.38 (Repressed) (2017)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

Population & Geographic Data

Time Zone UTC+1

Total Area 2,344,858 sq km



Total Population 1990* 39.725 million
2000* 52.427 million
2010* 70.458 million
2016* 84.13 million
2021* 97.53 million

*Estimate
Urban population as % of total population 1960 22%
1980 27%
2000 35%
2015 43%
Population median age 18.4 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate 2.42% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy 57.3 years (2016 estimate)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day 57% (2012)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)
42.1 (2012)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)
Freedom House rating Political Rights: 7
Civil Liberties: 6 (2017)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)
Total telephone subscribers as % of population Fixed 0.00% Mobile 52.99% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)
Internet users as % of total population 3.8% (2015)

Language & Religon

Languages French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba

Literacy Total population: 63.8%
Male: 78.1%
Female: 50% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write French, Lingala, Kingwana, or Tshiluba)
Religions Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 10%

World Rankings

Population 97.53 M
Mercer Cost of living index Kinshasa: 6th (2016)

C02 Emissions per capita 0.0 (2013)

Global Finance Rankings & Awards: Africa & The Democratic Republic of the Congo

Global Finance Magazine holds several conferences and awards ceremonies throughout the year to recognize the winning financial institutions and companies in a host of categories including World’s Best Trade Finance Banks, World's Biggest Banks, World's Safest Banks, World's Best Developed & Emerging Markets Banks, World's Best Internet Banks, and World’s Best Investment Banks.


Data Sources:

IMF World Economic Outlook

UN World Population Prospects

World Inequality Report

S&P Global Ratings

Moody’s

Fitch Ratings

IMF Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)

UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

CIA The World Factbook

World Bank’s World Integrated Trade Solution

Forbes Global 2000

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