Citi’s gross investment banking revenues were a record $1.8 billion in the first quarter of 2007, reflecting record equity underwriting revenues, up 83% from the same period a year earlier, and record advisory and other fees, up 45%. Net investment banking revenues increased 31% to $1.6 billion in the first three months of this year.
Investment banking records were a dime a dozen in 2006, with a slew of mergers valued in the tens of billions of dollars each, record issuance of high-yield bonds to finance record leveraged buyouts, and record initial public offerings. In the world’s largest IPO, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China raised $21.9 billion last October in a simultaneous offering in Hong Kong and Shanghai, which was the first time that feat has ever been accomplished. Measured by IPO proceeds, the London Stock Exchange and the Hong Kong Stock Exchange both surpassed the New York Stock Exchange for the first time ever in 2006, according to Thomson Financial.
Worldwide underwriting of debt, equity and equity-related securities increased for the fourth year in a row in 2006, reaching a record $7.6 trillion. Meanwhile, global announced M&A; activity increased 38% in 2006 to a record $3.8 trillion. Private equity firms accounted for nearly 20% of global M&A; volume.
Energy and power was the leading sector for worldwide M&A; transactions announced in 2006, followed by financial institutions and media and entertainment. As Global Finance went to press, two competing bids for ABN AMRO—the higher offer approaching $100 billion—were the sixth and seventh largest deals on record globally and the biggest ever in the finance sector, according to Dealogic.
Global Finance’s editors, with input from industry analysts, corporate executives and banking consultants, used a series of criteria to identify the best investment banks in the world. We considered deals and offerings announced or completed in the last three quarters of 2006 or the first quarter of 2007. Our selection criteria included market share, customer service and advice, deal-structuring capabilities, distribution network, and staff dedicated to investment banking. We also considered efforts to overcome difficult market conditions, innovation, competitive pricing and after-market performance of underwritten securities. The banks that won were not necessarily the biggest, but rather the best, the ones that major corporations around the world should seriously consider when looking for an organization to handle their investment banking needs.