Browse additional economic indicators and data sets


Includes historical data for Afghanistan’s Gross Domestic Product growth, debt-to-GDP ratio and more, as well as information on trade, banking and financial sector leadership.

Return of the Taliban

The fall of Afghanistan to the Taliban in 2021 had profound implications for the country’s economy and governance. Labor freedom and business operations have been severely impacted, monetary stability is fragile, and approximately 85% of the population live on less than one dollar a day.

Still, economic policymaking remains primarily focused on financing the ongoing conflict, while the weakened fiscal situation has been further exacerbated by the collapse of oil and tax revenue, the reliance on informal channels for trade and payments, and restrictive policies on women’s work and education. Despite existing legal frameworks, the unstable environment hampers foreign investment, and the economy remains heavily reliant on external support.

Macroeconomy & Sovereign Data

Type of Government Theocracy
Capital Kabul
Sovereign Ratings N.A.
Total Population 34.26 million
Median Age 17
Adult Per Capita Income (PPP) USD 3,131.40
Total GDP (2023) USD 14.94 billion

Afghanistan GDP & Economic Overview

Most Recent Content

Banking & Finance

Trade & Investment

Total Exports USD 5.9 billion (2022)
Leading Exports Wheat Flours
Broadcasting Equipment
Refined Petroleum
Rolled Tobacco
Aircraft Parts
Synthetic Fabrics                                                                      
Total Imports USD 2.8 billion (2022)

Leading Imports Gold
Fruits And Nuts
Source: World Integrated Trade Solution

Afghanistan Leading Companies

Afghanistan International Bank Financials
Azizi Bank Financials
Khan Steel Company Materials
Roshan Telecommunication Services
Afghan Wireless Communication Telecommunication Services
Safi Airways Transportation, Airlines
Watan Group Conglomerates, Construction & Engineering, Telecommunications

Major Trade Partners — Import

Islamic Republic of Iran 14.6%
China 13.9%
Pakistan 12.9%
United States 9.2%
Turkmenistan 8.1%

Major Trade Partners — Export

India 47.1%
Pakistan 34.3%
China 3.6%
Türkiye 2.9%
United Arab Emirates 2.8%
Islamic Republic of Iran 1.7%

Data Sources:

IMF World Economic Outlook

UN World Population Prospects

World Inequality Report

S&P Global Ratings


Fitch Ratings

IMF Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)

UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

CIA The World Factbook

World Bank’s World Integrated Trade Solution

Forbes Global 2000